Saturday, 19 July 2014

Gaza - the silent voices and worse (update)

The Palestinian death toll in Gaza tops 300 as Israel’s relentless attacks continue unabated.

Over the last week we have seen the tragic deaths of four children as they played on a beach near Gaza City. Four children who were just doing what children do and have never fired a missile at anybody. An eyewitness account in the Guardian is particularly harrowing –

In the meantime the west continues its devoted support for Israel. Just this weekend David Cameron spoke out in support of Israel’s actions –

He was not speaking in my name. Nor was he speaking in the name of the thousands in London and across the world who have taken to the streets to protest against the continuing bombing.

Israel justifies its attacks by pointing to the missiles that come across the border from Gaza. Now let’s get one thing right, those attacks by militants cannot be supported. But the response is so disproportionate as to be oppressive. Even if an eye for an eye is good theology, which it isn’t, this is more like 200 eyes for an eye. It is simply an aggressive demonstration of power to show the Palestinians who is the more powerful. And we can easily forget that it is an illegal occupation.

What is particularly depressing is that Christians continue to give Israel blind support. It is as if they can do no wrong. Any criticism of Israel’s leadership is tantamount to blasphemy. I know people who have been accused of anti-Semitism and even of being holocaust deniers just for speaking out against Israel’s oppression. Have they never read the Hebrew prophets? Have they not read the prophet Amos who said that they had turned justice into bitterness and cast righteousness to the ground (Amos 5)? Or how about Jeremiah who talked of the blood of innocents (Jeremiah 2). Isaiah spoke out against those who called evil good and good evil. Were the prophets anti-Semitic? No. They were speaking the words of God to those who oppressed the weak.

Some Christians look no further than the promises to Abraham and the geography of the ‘promised land’. This seems to subsume all other issues. It is as if they are more interested in the implications of those words and the status of the ‘chosen people’ than the injustice that is there for all to see. It is a devotion that even some Jews fail to understand –

Innocent children are being killed or injured and the death count is bound to rise.

If Israel could no longer rely on the blind support of the Christian west they would have to think twice. But as it is they can do what they like in the knowledge that conservative politicians and Christians will not only stay silent but actively cheer them on. Anyone who is serious about the bible and about the teachings of Jesus has no option but to say that this is unacceptable and that it has to stop.

Women Bishops - bring on the Purple Rain!!

I know that the news is nearly a week old but I want to say how pleasing it is that the Church of England has, at long last, opened the door to Women Bishops. Let’s hope this is the start of a complete change that will see the distribution of women leaders in the church head towards equality. 

In an interview with the BBC’s Andrew Marr last week, the Archbishop of Canterbury commented that, for most of the world, the very fact that this was an issue for debate seems almost incomprehensible. And he is right. We have had our own women Prime Minister. Angela Merkel is arguably the most powerful and popular leader in Europe.  Countries across the world have been led by women.

In my own profession of the law, the best and most intelligent judge in the UK is Lady Hale who will certainly be Head of the Supreme Court one day. The Director of Public Prosecutions is a women – Alison Saunders. Women are at the head of major corporations. That is not to say that we have yet reached equality. But the days have gone when there was any credible argument against women in leadership just because they are women – apart from in the church.

The argument against women bishops is fairly straightforward. All logic, proportion, experience and common sense says that continuing objections fall somewhere between the ridiculous and the downright discriminatory. But the same four words are always repeated like a mantra – ‘the bible says so’.

Now I have to say that I don’t read the bible as a literal rule book in the way I did, say, 20 years ago. But even if I did I would have to say that the bible, in fact, says nothing of the sort. And certainly not with sufficient clarity to have justified centuries of exclusion.

So let’s just have a quick look.

1.                  Jesus, the central person of our faith had a very radical view of sexual equality. We have to remember that this was an age and culture in which women were horribly devalued. Look no further than Deuteronomy 25 v 11 – ‘If two men are fighting and the wife of one of them comes to rescue her husband from his assailant, and she reaches out and seizes him by his private parts,  you shall cut off her hand. Show her no pity.’ (Not sure how those of a literal persuasion explain that one but that’s another discussion!). Jesus did not make any distinction. The longest recorded one to one conversation in the gospels is with a woman in John 4 – much to the surprise of his male friends. Some of his closest associates were women – Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary and Martha of Bethany etc. It was a group of women who were the first to encounter Jesus on Easter Sunday. Women had an equal status among the closest followers of Jesus.
2.                  St Paul is the person most often quoted by those who oppose women in leadership. In fact, his attitude was in many ways as radical as that of Jesus. He famously wrote to the Galatians – ‘There is neither Jew nor Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.’ They are not the words of someone who promoted any sexual distinction. In Romans 16 we see a roll call of his closest co-workers. These include – Priscilla, Mary, Tryphena, Tryphosa, the mother of Rufus, Julia, the sister of Nereus. Priscilla seems to have of particular importance. She and Aquila worked closely with Paul in Corinth and Ephesus. They both instruct Apollos and are left in charge of the church inEphesus when Paul moves on – both of them! It is impossible to imagine any of these women sitting silently and having no leadership role. So if we leave it here then there is no controversy. That is, until we get to some later comments that seem to say the opposite. So the writer of the letter to Timothy says that he will not permit a woman to teach or have authority over a man. So there is a problem. We know that Priscilla taught Apollos. Did Paul change his mind? Did he support the role of women in his earlier ministry and then decide later that he didn’t. Most scholars suggest that the later letters came years after Paul, at a time when the church was beginning to revert to the cultural norms of the day. So the reason for the change is that is was a different person. That would certainly explain the very obvious contradiction. Whatever the reason one thing is clear – there is no clear statement in the bible that women are to have no role as leaders. In fact there is far more evidence that they played a significant role. Either way, we are quite entitled to deal with the contradiction using our own logic, observation and common sense and the answer is frankly, overwhelming.

We only have to look at the great work done by women vicars over the last 20 years to see that this is a natural progression. That men and women are equally gifted by God to lead the church.

I hope and pray this will lead to a huge increase in numbers of women leaders. I for one will be laughing in the purple rain!